Join us for a Rare Books Open House event on Friday, December 1st, at 6:15 in the Lillie Building's newly updated Grass Reading Room. The event will feature literature from expeditions of scientific exploration and works of Icelandic scientific literature. The open house is followed by the Falmouth Forum at 7:30 in the Lillie auditorium. The lecture is free to the public and will be given by Robert Cushman Barber, (Former) U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Iceland and Partner at Prince Lobel.
Library News and Announcements
The current exhibit at the Cape Cod Museum of Art includes items from the WHOI Data Library and Archives. The exhibit, "Mysteries & Revelations: Discovering Cape Cod's Museum Treasures," focuses on items with previously unknown stories behind them, held by 36 art, science and history organizations on the Cape. The Data Library's addition to the exhibition includes two items related to a photograph of Gregorio Fuentes, who was Ernest Hemingway's first mate on his boat, El Pilar, and was one of the inspirations for the Old Man and the Sea. Fuentes worked on WHOI's vessel, the Atlantis, during a cruise that circumnavigated Cuba in 1938 collecting fish samples. A reference request at the Data Library led to the discovery of Fuentes' time on the Atlantis.
The exhibition runs until November 26 at the Cape Cod Museum of Art at 60 Hope Lane in Dennnis, MA.
As we celebrate International Open Access Week 2017, below we take a look at the freely accessible digitized version of an article from the Marine Biological Laboratory 1926 newspaper called "The Collecting Net". In an article entitled "Cooperation in Research" the editors foreshadow the concept of open access:
"Some workers are reticent about letting others know just what they are doing or how they are doing it. ...This is not in the interest of science, even though in some cases it may be better for the ego."
Collecting Net V.1 n. 2 (1926) http://bit.ly/2gGhKzm MBLWHOI Library via Biodiversity Heritage Library
The article goes on to propose an open laboratory scheme in which scientists visit each others laboratories at appointed times...given this 1926 pre-electronic pre-open access period, in an international laboratory which was active for only 10 or so weeks a year, promotion of such an attitude, if practiced would have had the same type of impact modern Open Access has today!
We worked with our partner the Biodiversity Heritage Library to digitize the Collecting Net. The BHL biodiversitylibrary.org serves over 200,000 volumes of scientific literature, freely accessible with an computer or similar device.
The library's online finding aid guide, archives.mblwhoilibrary.org is currently undergoing routine maintenance. We expect it to be available after 3:00 pm, today, July 31st. If you have a question about our collections, please feel free to contact our staff.
For questions about WHOI archives, contact Dave Sherman at 508-289-2269. For questions about MBL archives, please contact Jen Walton at 508-289-7452.
Update: The library's archivesspace installation has be updated and is now available at archives.mblwhoilibrary.org.
Fifty years ago this month, Woods Hole received a visit from then Vice-President Hubert Humphrey. Humphrey, in his role as Chairman of the Marine Resources and Engineering Development Council, toured a number of ocean science institutions throughout the country, and on July 27, 1967, he arrived in Woods Hole for tours of U.S. Fisheries and the Marine Biological Laboratory before taking an overnight cruise to the Gulf of Maine on the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's research vessel, Atlantis II. While on board, Humphrey was given demonstrations of oceanographic instruments and equipment, and even participated in the release of some seabed drifters. Several years later, one of the drifters Humphrey released was returned to WHOI when it was found by a fishing vessel working out of Gloucester.
While in Woods Hole, Humphrey was presented with a gift of a piece of scrimshaw (pictured) created specifically for his visit by Barrett "Buzzy" McLaughlin. McLaughlin, Chief Engineer on the R/V Chain, taught himself the art of scrimshaw in an improvised work area on the desk in his cabin after he received some whale teeth from a sailor on a Russian whaling vessel while the Chain was in port in Beirut. Several pieces of McLaughlin's scrimshaw, as well as records related to Humphrey's visit, are held by the Data Library and Archives.
Kate MacCord, Program Administrator and James McDonnell Foundation Fellow
All talks are 12:15PM, Grass Reading Room, MBLWHOI Library, MBL Lillie Building, Woods Hole
Thursday, August 3rd
At the intersection of history, philosophy, and science
While historians and philosophers of science have long held discourse at the Marine Biological Laboratory, MBL scientists have had few opportunities to interact with them and explore the rewards of interdisciplinary communication and collaboration.
This has just become much easier through a new initiative to connect historians and philosophers of science (HPS) with MBL experimentalists, with the goal of enriching and transforming the research discovery process for all. The program is co-led by historian and MBL Fellow Jane Maienschein, who is also Regents’, President’s and University Professor at Arizona State University, and incoming MBL Director of Research David Mark Welch. It is funded by the James S. McDonnell Foundation.
Kate MacCord was recently awarded her PhD from Arizona State University, and is currently the first McDonnell Foundation Fellow
Challie Facemire, MBL History Project Editor
Wednesday, September 20th
Parcelling out the wild
Challie is currently the MBL History Project Editor, and is a PhD candidate from the Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society.
Challie’s research interests focus around wilderness, natural resources, and public lands. She is particularly interested in how different agencies work within established policy and law regarding land management, natural resource management, and how that management takes place when dealing with evolving ecosystems.
All talks are at 12:15PM, MBLWHOI Library Grass Reading Room
All are welcome, refreshments served
see below for next talk:
June 29, Thursday: JJ LaTourelle and Carolina Abboud, Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society:
July 5, Wednesday: Beatrice Steinert, Brown University, 2016 Catherine Norton Fellow:
July 13, Thursday: Sean Cohmer, Arizona State University Center for Biology and Society, 2017 Catherine Norton Fellow:
July 19, Wednesday: Alexis Abboud, Arizona State University, Center for Biology and Society:
Talks are at 12:15PM, Grass Reading Room, MBLWHOI Library,
2nd fl, MBL Lillie Building All are welcome
Thursday June 8, 12:15 pm
WHOI Smith Conference Room (across from Woods Hole Market)
Join MBLWHOI librarian Ann Devenish for a community conversation about WHOI's Open Access policy.
This policy was approved by the WHOI Educational Assembly on 10/12/2016.
The policy provides a tool for WHOI to preserve the works of its authors in the Woods Hole community institutional repository, (known as WHOAS.)
The OA policy tool makes that work openly accessible to anyone who seeks it.
This policy applies to all WHOI employees and registered students.
Join the conversation, Thursday, June 8, at 12:15PM in the Smith Conference Room.
Below, architect and driving force behind the adoption of the WHOI Open Access Policy,Dr. Cara Manning.
A reference question at the WHOI Data Library and Archives led to the discovery of a previously unidentified photograph of Gregorio Fuentes, the first mate of Ernest Hemingway's yacht, El Pilar, and the person many consider to be the inspiration for Santiago, the title character in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea.
In 1938, the Atlantis, with chief scientist William Schroeder, took a three month cruise (cruise 74) to collect fish in the waters around Cuba. The cruise also included University of Havana biologist Luis Howell-Rivero who, in addition to the regular crew of the Atlantis, brought several of his own assistants on board. One of those assistants was Fuentes, who worked at the time as a fisherman in Cojimar, Cuba and would have had knowledge about good areas to collect fish.
Besides the picture, showing Fuentes on the deck of the Atlantis with a fishing net stretched out in the foreground, other evidence of Fuentes' time on the Atlantis was found in a mention in the journal of Atlantis first mate, Thomas Kelley, and in a letter from the Master of the Atlantis, Fred. S. McMurray to Henry Bigelow, "Have had a lot of torn nets, lost completely one or two, but our fisherman Fuentes is very capable in mending."
Photo courtesy of WHOI Archives. Copyright © Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Michael Mizell Public History Lecture: Was Lysenko Right after All
Lecture by Loren R. Graham, Professor Emeritus of the History of Science in the Program in Science, Technology and Society at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University, and a Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) from Purdue University in 1986. Professor Graham specializes in the history of science and the study of contemporary science and technology in Russia.
Friday, May 19, 2017, 4:30 – 6pm
Bay Reading Room
2nd Floor, Lillie Building
Reception to follow talk in the Grass Reading Room
The Michael Mizell Public History Lecture is held in memory of Michael Mizell-Nelson, associate professor of history at the University of New Orleans. Professor Mizell was a leader in the application of digital technologies to study public history. His projects included the Hurricane Digital Memory Bank, “Streetcar Stories," the histories of the New Orleans streetcar system, the po-boy sandwich, and the Russian cake. Professor Mizell, son of long-time MBL scientist Merle Mizell, died of cancer in 2014. At the time of his passing he had begun collaboration with the History of MBL Project on the history of the leper colony on nearby Penikese Island and its connection to the federal leper hospital in Carville, Louisiana.
The doctrine of the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics is a very old one, dating back to Hippocrates and Aristotle. This viewpoint, often later called Lamarckism, fell out of favor among many biologists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, under assault by such scientists as August Weismann, William Bateson, and Thomas Hunt Morgan. However, in some countries, including Russia, it remained popular.
In 1923 the famous Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov came to Woods Hole and gave a speech in which he defended the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics. Thomas Hunt Morgan was in the audience and sharply disagreed with Pavlov. In later years in Russia the notorious agronomist Trofim Lysenko also supported the Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics. Now, with the rise of epigenetics, we have learned that in some instances acquired characteristics can be inherited. Furthermore, there is at the present time a resurgence of Lysenkoism in Russia based, In part, on epigenetics. Does that mean that Lysenko was right after all?
ALL ARE WELCOME
Michael Mizell (L) and his father, Dr. Merle Mizell